It’s very easy to identify if you have straight hair, but it becomes really difficult to differentiate between curly and wavy hair. Don’t worry, as we are here to make you understand all about Curly Hair and pattern.
Table of Contents
Understanding your hair is Crucial
Understanding your skin type is essential for adopting an efficient skincare program, and knowing your hair type may have a significant impact on the efficiency of your daily hair care routine. However, determining your proper hair type may be more difficult than it appears. Aside from the obvious classifications like straight, wavy, curly, and coily, there are a few more elements to consider when determining your hair types, such as the porosity of your hair and the moisture of your scalp. Don’t worry if this seems daunting; we’re here to assist! Here’s all you need to know about detecting whether or not you have curly hair, as well as what it entails for your daily hair care regimen.
Signs you have Curly Hair
Sign 1: Your wet hair naturally turns wavy.
Water restores the natural condition of your hair. When you next wash your hair, be sure to fully wet it before stepping out of the water. Examine your hair to determine if it’s curled into ringlets or waves. If that’s the case, you’re most likely a curly girl and you’ll be able to easily identify.
Sign 2: In humid weather your hair acquires huge volume.
Hydrogen bonds develop between water molecules and proteins within your hair under humid air, causing curls and frizz.
You probably don’t need to look up a weather report if you have long hair to figure out how much humidity is in the air. You may just take a handful of hair and test it out. Human hair is so sensitive to humidity that certain hygrometers (humidity-indicating devices) utilize it as the measuring mechanism because it varies length in response to the quantity of moisture in the air.
When it’s wet, foggy, or rainy outside, your hair has a lot of volume and much more frizz than usual. That’s because your curly hair, which is dry, is looking for moisture in the air. Your cuticle will expand and generate greater volume if it isn’t adequately hydrated. This would make it really hard to manage the hair.
This indicates that humidity makes naturally curly hair frizzier or curlier.
Sign 3: Your hair doesn’t stay straight
When you straighten your hair, it doesn’t stay straight for longer than a day or even less if the weather is humid. On the other hand, curling your hair with a curling iron or wand makes the curl last for days.
This is one of the clearer signs that your hair is naturally curly.
Sign 4: Never ending fight with Frizzy hair
If you have naturally curly hair and treat it like straight hair, your hair will be dry and frizzy. Curls require more moisture to stay happy and healthy than straight hair. You undoubtedly have curly hair if you’ve tried every frizz-fighting product at the pharmacy and nothing has worked. It’s a significant indicator of whether or not you have curly hair.
Sign 5: Your hair controls you
You spend more time thinking about your hair than your clothes since your hair is unpredictable. You use as much heat protectant and anti-frizz crème as you can and set the flat iron to high. However, if the forecast calls for even a 40% probability of rain, your hairdo is destined to frizz and massive volume.
Identify your curl type or pattern and how to take care.
It’s one thing to recognize that you have curly hair; it’s quite another to determine your curl type. While it may appear overwhelming at first, determining your curl type is actually rather simple since we’ll be using Andre Walker’s Curly Hair Type Classification System. Curls are divided into kinds and subtypes in this classification system, which makes the procedure easier. To begin, there are four different sorts of curls: Type 1, Type 2, Type 3, and Type 4. The ABCs of curls relate to how tightly coiled your curls are, and the number corresponds to the four primary curl families. As a result, Type 1s are those with naturally straight hair, whereas Type 2s are females with wavy hair. Spiral curls are in the 3s, while kinks and coils are in the 4s.
Let’s take a closer look at each kind and subtype of curl pattern now that we’ve sorted out the many sorts of curl patterns. This will help you not only understand your curl type but also locate the right products and styles for your hair.
Type 2 – Wavy
Wavy hair is a mix of straight and curly hair that falls in loose S shapes. It has a lower shine and is more prone to frizz than straight hair. It requires additional fluids, but not so excessively since this will rapidly weigh the waves down. Avoid using strong leave-in conditioners; instead, use a little application of Curl Creme and Curl Gel to accentuate and retain those waves in place.
Hair of type 2A grows straight at the top and curls at the bottom. Straight lines wander somewhat from the wave shapes.
This wave style is simple to comb and takes very little treatment. When air-dried, the waves develop naturally. Look for shampoos and conditioners that give volume to your hair rather than making it lifeless.
Apply a light mousse to enhance your roots and avoid heavy creams that can flatten the curl by weighting it down to balance the movement of waves with straighter hair at the crown.
2B hair has distinct S-shaped waves that start at the midlength and are flatter near the crown. Because the strands are bigger in diameter than a 2A, it will take a little more elbow grease to make it straight. Use a sea salt hairspray to accentuate your natural surfer-babe waves.
Make sure you’re using lightweight products that won’t clog your hair. For gentle waves, mousses, gels, and cream-gels perform nicely. Sea salt sprays are very effective in enhancing your texture.
Use mild shampoo and conditioner formulations to retain the bouncy shape of your waves and protect them from tangling.
As because this type is typically frizzier than Type 2A, delicately formulated leave-in conditioners that coat the strands on humid days can provide additional protection and help keep the waves together.
Type 2C waves are tiny to medium-sized waves that develop into the shape of a letter S as they grow. This style strikes a balance between wavy and curly hair. Though it may appear to some as normal curly hair, the 2C type lacks springs, which are a defining characteristic of waves and curls.
Among the wavy hair types, 2C waves are the most prone to frizz. Maintaining volume while preventing frizz is a difficult chore, but leave-in conditioners and hair serums have shown to be effective at achieving both goals.
Type 3 – Curly
Ringlets are formed when curly hair strands cluster together and loop around in a spiral pattern. Because the natural oil from the root tries to find its way down the spirals, this texture requires a lot of moisture. Deep conditioning treatments for curly hair are recommended on a regular basis.
For less frizz but more definition, apply a humidity-blocking styling cream, cream gel, or style milk on type 3a to 3b hair.
Use moisturising styling creams or puddings for type 3c. Deep condition your hair at least once a week to keep it flexible and moisturised.
3A strands are glossy and feature broad, loose curls with a diameter of roughly a piece of sidewalk chalk.
This hair is typically not abrasive to the touch, with big soft curls, and springs are bouncy and full of life even when dressed gently.
3A curls are renowned for being one of the most manageable types of curls, and with the appropriate products, they may not even require any style. To assist manage strands when style and drying, look for mild styling lotions.
Though you can straighten this curl type with a flat iron or a blow-dry brush, expect to put in some effort to get your desired appearance.
The corkscrew-like springs of Type 3B are well-defined medium size springs.
There’s no need to add volume to this curl since the spirals bounce off each other to generate fullness. 3B curls, on the other hand, are prone to breakage and frizz. Curl health is also influenced by how you dry your hair.
To keep 3B curls appearing rich, hair oils and serums that keep frizz at bay and add shine may be all that’s required.
3C curls are little corkscrews with circumferences ranging from a straw to a pencil. The strands are tightly packed, resulting in a lot of natural volume. Frizziness is typical with this kind; if you don’t want your hair to be frizzy, try a sulfate-free, creamy cleanser that won’t dry it out.
When it comes to curling care, it’s vital to use a detangling comb from tip to root, rather than root to tip, as most people do. This will assist to prevent damage.
Use mild shampoos like cleansing conditioners, which clean and nourish at the same time with greater ratios of conditioning ingredients, to maintain these curls full and smooth.
Hair gels can help maintain this sort of curl in place while also protecting it from frizz.
Type 4 – Coily and Kinky Hair
These curls come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from a tightly coiled S to a Z-shaped kinky pattern. Due to the tightness of the curl (called shrinkage), the hair might seem shorter than it is, and it can feel soft and silky or coarse and wiry depending on the hair thickness. Breakage, dryness, and tangles are common in Type 4 curls. To avoid this, use hydrating products with nourishing oils and deep conditioning treatments. We recommend that you use our curly approach and pay attention to the extra hydration suggestions. With a few drops of Jojoba Oil, you can lock in all of the moisture from the products.
To enhance protection and moisture, use a creamy humectant as a leave-in solution. Twist-outs and braid-outs may be done safely with a curl-defining custard or gelee.
The tiny yet distinctly S-shaped strands sequenced into looped, tight rings distinguish curl type 4A.
To prevent damage, use hydrating shampoos and conditioners and carefully pat hair dry without rubbing.
Additional nourishment from hair creams and oils will keep ringlets soft to the touch and protected from moisture in this type of hair.
You can also check the article on Best Scientifically Proven Oils for Hair Growth & Thickness
Type 4B is distinguished by its zigzagging pattern, which is frequently accompanied by compressed and s-shaped coils.
This hair type may be styled in a number of ways and tolerates a wide range of products, from light to rich. Conditioning the curl is essential both in and out of the shower.
Because 4B curls are most susceptible while damp, condition your hair well before style. A thick leave-in conditioner that can be used on wet or dry hair is a good option.
4B textures are quite similar to 4C texture, but the tightly coiled strands are more delicate and feature a very tight zig-zag pattern that can be difficult to see. Because this hair type is prone to breakage, it’s critical to keep it moisturized at all times. Deep conditioners and hot oil treatments should be used once a week at the very least to nourish your hair.
Use a generous quantity of leave-in moisturizer to maximize the length of those strands, as shrinking and dryness are big issues for these tightly-coiled people. Castor oil is a wonderful moisturizer and sealer for this extremely dry texture.
Detangle and separate your hair with your fingers before adding hair oils to ensure that the ingredients are uniformly distributed. For further protection, try sleeping with a silk pillowcase or wearing a hair cap, which helps hair retain hydrated for better curls.
Things to Avoid if you have Curly Hair
Natural curly hair is fragile and silky, and it requires special attention in order to thrive. There are several things that you should never do to your hair, no matter what sort of curl pattern you have. Consider this a list of must-haves for your curly hair.
Don’t use conditioners or shampoo that have Sulfates
Most conventional shampoos contain sulphates as a major component. These compounds eliminate buildup by acting as a foaming agent. They’re wonderful for straight hair since it usually becomes greasy, but they’re too harsh for curly hair.
The longer the natural oils take to flow through the hair, the curlier it is. Dry ends arise from the kinks and coils blocking and slowing the flow of these fluids.
Sulfates will deplete the moisture in your lovely curls. Any dry ends may become brittle and prone to breaking with continuous usage.
Check your shampoo’s components before using it. If you come across Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLEF) or Sodium Laurel Sulfate (SLF) in it, don’t use it.
Don’t use the wrong Brush or Comb
Detangling curly hair might be difficult, but using a textured or fine-tooth comb to do it is never a good idea.
A fine-tooth comb can tug on delicate strands, causing a curl’s natural bounce to be disrupted. It also has the ability to cause knots and tangles. Working through knots with a wide-tooth comb or even your fingertips may keep hair tidy and prevent damage.
To know more, check the article on 11 Types of Combs and Hairbrushes and their Purpose
Don’t Over wash your Hair
Curly hair gets advantages from the scalp’s natural oils, which is why you must be careful how frequently you shampoo your hair. You can over purify yourself and end up removing your scalp and therefore your hair from those natural oils. But too little shampoo and you might get your curls limp.
Some curling patterns are drier than others, and take advantage of one weekly shampoo. You should ultimately wash your hair and make it feel greasy or dry.
Don’t forget to use Oil
Rough hair is usually dry since the oil takes a while to reach the tip of the hair strands, and thus causes damage and split ends.
Oil is critical to help repair the ends and restore moisture so that curls seem much healthy and smoother.
Don’t Comb your Wet Hair
For damaged, snarl-prone hair, it frequently looks as if it is the best way to go while it is damp. However, you might really make matters worse. Do it before you get in the shower if you have to brush your hair.
Hair is more likely to break while it’s damp, so if you do that you’ll not only harm your hair but your curls as well.
Creative, versatile, and passionate about her craft, Rupa Das is a well-recognized name in the world of fashion and makeup! This is a woman who has been in the fashion and makeup industry for 24 years and is still one of the leading international makeup artist in the circuit! She has worked in big brands like Lakme, Green Trends, Colors and transitioned to become a Beauty (Hair & Skin) Trainer.